on-going new experiments
|Status||Level A: pan-Europe||Level B: Selected catchments|
|Spatial Patterns - Progress||CAPICHE (change) - Progress|
|Flood change - Progress||Nightlights - Progress|
|GEEHP-kriging - Progress||Rootzone storage - Progress|
|Nutrient estimates - Progress|
|Land cover change|
Virtual Water-Science Laboratory and comparative science
A virtual water-science laboratory; consisting of open data, dedicated software tools, and a set of protocols; will be implemented and hosted at the “SWITCH-ON water information” portal. It shall seamlessly integrate the open data with harmonised modelling
tools and facilitate the performance of virtual experiments of comparative science. Comparative science is a new form of research that will advance science by contrasting water related processes in different environments and help understand complex
processes in a more holistic way than individual studies.
Schematic picture of one, still premature, prototype for a virtual water-science laboratory, constructed for the open-source HYPE code but applicable to any catchment or data-driven model.
The virtual water-science laboratory will include: Standards (WaterML, OGC, etc); Metadata linked to databases; Documentation of codes, tools, etc.; and Laboratory protocols on procedures for experiments. In addition to these more soft components,
the virtual water-science laboratories require the following equipment:
- Open data;
- Hydrological models;
- Tools for pre-processing and post-processing;
- Database for up-loading of results to explore correlations and dissimilarities between research
- Access to production environments in existing computational clouds (to use more processors);
- Easy incorporation of access to new databases.
In the Laboratory a new form of research will be devised, namely, comparative water science and knowledge synthesis. Experiments in the Virtual Water-Science Laboratory will focus on emerging environmental issues and risks related to water science; for example
water supply and allocation, water-driven hazards (as floods and droughts), water quality and ecological concerns; with uncertainty estimation.
The Virtual Water-Science Laboratory across environments and application domains
This new form of water research will be applied in four scientific knowledge domains: (i) floods; (ii) drought and water scarcity; (iii) water quality and deterioration; and (iv) changing conditions. The experiments will be split
into two levels based on the information used: level (A), a pan-European and cross-boundary level using the pan-European open data-sets; level (B) a local/regional level, using more detailed data from national/regional portals and research
Interaction between levels A and B of the experiments in the Virtual Laboratory: example of pan-European global runoff database (Level A, left), detailed regional Austrian case study (Level B, right).